Unsupervised Discovery of Demixed, Low-dimensional Neural Dynamics across Multiple Timescales through Tensor Components Analysis

Abstract

Perceptions, thoughts and actions unfold over millisecond timescales, while learned behaviors can require many days to mature. While recent experimental advances enable large-scale and long-term neural recordings with high temporal fidelity, it remains a formidable challenge to extract unbiased and interpretable descriptions of how rapid single-trial circuit dynamics change slowly over many trials to mediate learning. We demonstrate a simple tensor components analysis (TCA) can meet this challenge by extracting three interconnected low dimensional descriptions of neural data: neuron factors, reflecting cell assemblies; temporal factors, reflecting rapid circuit dynamics mediating perceptions, thoughts, and actions within each trial; and trial factors, describing both long-term learning and trial-to-trial changes in cognitive state. We demonstrate the broad applicability of TCA by revealing insights into diverse datasets derived from artificial neural networks, large-scale calcium imaging of rodent prefrontal cortex during maze navigation, and multielectrode recordings of macaque motor cortex during brain machine interface learning.

Publication
Neuron
Date
Tags
Citation
A. H. Williams, T. H. Kim, F. Wang, S. Vyas, S. I. Ryu, K. V. Shenoy, M. Schnitzer, T. G. Kolda, S. Ganguli. Unsupervised Discovery of Demixed, Low-dimensional Neural Dynamics across Multiple Timescales through Tensor Components Analysis. Neuron, accepted for publication on 4/17/18, 2018.

BibTeX

@article{WiKiWaVyXX,  
author = {Williams, Alex H. and Kim, Tony Hyun and Wang, Forea and Vyas, Saurabh and Ryu, Stephen I. and Shenoy, Krishna V. and Schnitzer, Mark and Kolda, Tamara G. and Ganguli, Surya}, 
title = {Unsupervised Discovery of Demixed, Low-dimensional Neural Dynamics across Multiple Timescales through Tensor Components Analysis}, 
journal = {Neuron},
note = {accepted for publication on 4/17/18},
}